The tower air traffic controllers are responsible for the management of the movements of aircraft and vehicles on the ground, runways and taxiways. They also manage take-offs and landings within a radius of 20 km (altitude of 3000 feet) around the airport.
The safety of airport and approach traffic served as guideline when designing the control tower which is ideally situated as regards the runways, the taxi tracks and the parking zones at Brussels Airport. The air traffic controllers have a maximal view on all ground movements, as well as on take-off and landing movements. This visual range (360°) is also extended by a network of remote-controlled cameras that enables a complete scanning of the areas invisible to the naked eye.
Nothing was left to chance during the development of the working stations, or ‘consoles', and the fitting-out of the operational visual control room. Visibility studies were carried out as regards the visual range as well as the choice of materials, windows, sun screens and lighting. Furthermore the ergonomics of the adjustable consoles has been carefully examined in order to offer air traffic controllers a working comfort that facilitates a maximum concentration. The position of the consoles in the operational visual control room enables a smooth communication between the air traffic controllers and makes the supervisors' task easier.
The adjoining scheme shows the lay-out of the working positions in the operational visual control room. The various working positions are arranged according to their purpose: departure clearance, ground control, air control for the three runways of Brussels Airport - 25R, 25L and 01 - and supervisor.