GEN 1.2  Entry, Transit and Departure of Aircraft

1   IN BELGIUM

1.1   Civil
1.1.1   General

Aircraft registered in a member state of ICAO and aircraft registered in foreign states with which reciprocal agreements concerning aircraft and aircrews have been concluded, may be navigated in Belgium, subject to the observance of the applicable rules, conditions and limitations set forth in this document and in the legislation described in GEN 1.6, § 1.

1.1.2   Noise certification

Take-off and landing on Belgian aerodromes of civil subsonic jet aeroplanes is forbidden unless granted noise certification to the standards specified in Part II, Chapter 3, Volume 1 of ICAO Annex 16.

This prohibition applies only to civil subsonic jet aeroplanes with a by-pass ratio of less than two and with a MTOW of 34 000 KG or more, or with a certified maximum internal accommodation for the aeroplane type in question consisting of more than 19 passenger seats, excluding any seats for crew only.

This prohibition does not apply to:

  • take-off and landing performed by aircraft carrying members of the Belgian Royal Family, the Belgian government, the regional and community governments and foreign Royal Families and heads of state or leaders of foreign governments, presidents and commissioners of the European Union, on official missions;
  • take-off and landing performed with regard to missions in case of disasters or for the purpose of medical assistance
  • take-off and landing concerning military missions;
  • take-off and landing performed in exceptional conditions such as:
    • flights on which there is immediate danger to the life or health of persons, as well as animals;
    • flights diverted for meteorological reasons.

Exceptionally and on explicit justified request, the Minister of Transport may authorize a take-off or landing of a non-compliant aircraft. The operator of a flight seeking an exemption shall obtain prior permission from the CAA (see GEN-1.1).

Between 2200 and 0500 (2100 and 0400), flights of re-certificated civil subsonic jet aircraft are only authorized in clean configuration (landing gear and wing flaps retracted).

1.1.3   Crossing of the External Borders of the Schengen Area

Title II, Chapter I, Article 5 of Regulation 2016.399 of the European Parliament and of the European Council imposes restrictions on the crossing of the external borders of the Schengen Area. They may be crossed only at the official border crossing points notified by the EU Member States to the European Commission.

The Schengen Area, within which no restrictions to air travel apply, currently consists of 26 countries:

AustriaBelgiumCzech RepublicDenmarkEstonia
FinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungary
IcelandItalyLatviaLiechtensteinLithuania
LuxembourgMaltathe NetherlandsNorwayPoland
PortugalSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSweden
Switzerland

Flights arriving from any other country should only use the official border crossing points when landing in Belgium. Likewise, flights departing to any country outside the Schengen Area shall take-off only from the official border crossing points.

The official border crossing points are EBAW, EBBR, EBCI, EBKT, EBLG and EBOS. Incoming persons may travel freely in the Schengen Area after the border check at the official border crossing point.

When travelling by air in Belgium, entering or leaving the Schengen Area from any other aerodrome than the official border crossing points mentioned above, is illegal. Active surveillance will be carried out by the Belgian Federal Police and violations will be subject to law enforcement measures.

Further information can be obtained from:

Post:

Federal Police
Aviation Police Operations
Rue Fritz Toussaintstraat 8/5
1050 Brussels
BELGIUM

TEL: +32 (0) 2 554 48 27

FAX: +32 (0) 2 642 60 60

Email: DGA.LPA.Ops@police.belgium.eu

Military

Note: These regulations concern only DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCES. The underneath mentioned planned authorizations can absolutely not replace the normal ATC clearance, which must always be obtained following the national rules in force.

General

Overflight of Belgium by foreign military aircraft is subject to the approval of the Minister of Defence. No military aircraft of another State shall fly over the territory of Belgium or land thereon without prior authorisation, and in accordance with the terms thereof.

Standing diplomatic clearances can be obtained on an annual basis. The request for standing diplomatic clearance has to be introduced via the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The standing diplomatic clearances, and the terms thereof, are notified to the requesting countries via diplomatic channel.

All flights, except those who are covered by a standing diplomatic clearance, are subject to an occasional diplomatic clearance request. This request has to be sent at least five working days in advance using the European Union Diplomatic Clearance (DIC) form.

Designated Authorities

Within the Ministry of Defence, the designated authorities concerned with diplomatic clearances are as follows:

The MTCC (Movement Transport Coordination Center), as part of ACOS Ops & Trg, is stationed at Evere. The MTCC, Cell Diplomatic Clearance, is responsible for the overall regulation of the diplomatic clearances, and administer the standing diplomatic clearances for foreign countries’ military aircraft.

The flight MDC (Military Detachment for Coordination), as part of ATCC, is stationed at Steenokkerzeel (CANAC). The MDC-ADNC (Air Defense Notification Cell), under delegation of the MTCC, Cell Diplomatic Clearance, provides occasional diplomatic clearances for foreign countries’ military aircraft.

Procedures

The standing diplomatic clearances numbers, and the terms thereof, are notified to the concerned countries via diplomatic channel.

The list of the States who have been granted standing diplomatic clearances, and the terms thereof, is available on the intranet site of the Belgian MTCC, and is annually updated.

The terms of those standing clearances depends of the bilateral or multilateral agreements. Those terms are:

  • The reference numbers of the standing diplomatic clearances;
  • The aircraft that are covered by the standing clearances;
  • The airfields that can be used with the standing clearances;
  • The notification delays that must be respected;
  • The addresses to which the notification must be sent.
Reference of Clearances and Type of Flight

The detailed list of the reference numbers per nation is available on the intranet site of the Belgian MTCC.

For all nations:

  • Transport of VIP;
  • Transport of passengers and general cargo.

Additionally, for EU and NATO members:

  • Transport of dangerous cargo, arms and ammunitions;
  • Overflight and landing of military fighter and helicopter aircraft.
Type of Aircraft

The detailed list of the reference numbers per nation is available on the intranet site of the Belgian MTCC.

For all nations:

  • All military transport aircraft.

Additionally, for EU and NATO members:

  • Chartered military aircraft (commercial transport aircraft on military missions);
  • All military fighter aircraft;
  • All military helicopter aircraft.
Suitable Airfields

For all nations:

  • Airfields open to civil air traffic;
  • EBMB (for VIP flights).

Additionally, for EU and NATO members:

  • Military airfields.

Operational clearance must always be obtained from the appropriate airfield authority.

Notification

For all nations:

  • Reference of clearance has to be inserted in the ICAO flight plan;
  • VIP flights with planned landing in Belgium have to be notified at least one working day prior landing, with use of the European Union Diplomatic Clearance form.

Additionally, for EU and NATO members:

  • Fighter and helicopter aircraft, with planned landing in Belgium, have to be notified at least one working day prior landing, with use of the European Union Diplomatic Clearance form;
  • Flights with dangerous cargo, arms and/or ammunition, have to be notified at least one working day prior the flight, with use of the European Union Diplomatic Clearance form. EATC flights, operated by military transport assets of the EATC Participants, and transport aircraft from nations who have signed the European DIC technical agreements are exempted of this notification;
  • Transport of photographic or electronic equipment and radioactive material is not covered by those standing clearances. Exception is granted to EATC flights, operated by military transport assets of the EATC Participants, transporting radio-active material, who have to be notified at least three working days prior the flight, with use of the European Union Diplomatic Clearance form.
Addresses

Requests for standing diplomatic clearances, occasional requests and notifications, have to be sent through diplomatic channel to FPS Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, International Transport Directorate.

For EU and NATO members who have agreed on a simplified communication procedure, notifications and occasional requests may be sent directly to the Belgian Air Defence Notification Center. The list of the concerned nations is available on the intranet site of the MTCC.

Email: adnc@mil.be

Email: atcc-atc-flmdc-adnc@mil.be

TEL: +32 (0) 2 752 44 79

FAX: +32 (0) 2 206 27 99

FAX: +32 (0) 2 752 42 01 (backup only)

Flights of Foreign Military Aircraft over Belgian Territory

All foreign MIL flights within the Brussels FIR/UIR may be conducted according GAT or OAT rules, depending upon operational requirements of the mission. OAT flights are only possible during the ATCC operating hours (see GEN 3.3) and, other than transit flights, are forbidden on SAT, SUN and national HOL. COMOPSAIR Airspace Control Ops can grant exceptions to this rule.

Aircraft flying according GAT shall establish radio contact with Brussels ACC/APP/FIS on frequencies stated in GEN 3.3, § 6.1.

Aircraft flying according OAT shall establish radio contact with Semmerzake ATCC, call sign ‘Belga Radar’, on frequencies stated in GEN 3.3, § 6.4.

Foreign OAT flights that require manoeuvring airspace or that will make use of Special Use Airspace (danger areas or restricted areas) shall forward their airspace request (including timing and levels), in addition to the submission of a flight plan, to Semmerzake ATCC (FAX: +32 (0) 9 389 24 01, TEL: +32 (0) 9 389 25 55) to enable the Flexible Use of Airspace. Such airspace requests should arrive at Semmerzake ATCC not later than 0800 (0700) on Day-2 (two working days before the planned flight). Confirmation of any airspace bookings can be verified with the supervisor at Semmerzake ATCC on Day-1 after 1530 (1430) (TEL: +32 (0) 9 389 25 55). Reservations of the TSA24, TSA25 or TSA26 shall be made through CRC Glons (TEL: +32 (0) 4 289 32 16) each THU not later than 1000 (0900) for planned flights of the following week. For tactical air operations see ENR 1.1, § 2.16 and for booking procedures of airspace, see ENR 5.2, § 1.3.

EUROAT rules are applicable as described in ENR 1.1, § 2.1.2.2.

OAT and GAT flight plans shall be submitted according to the rules laid down in ENR 1.10.The use of tactical call signs within the Belgian airspace is prohibited for non-Belgian military aircraft. QRA missions (training and real) are exempted from this rule. Other exception requests for the use of tactical call signs within the Belgian airspace need prior approval and can be sent, at least 5 working days in advance, to:

Post:

Defence
Air Component - COMOPSAIR
Airspace Control Ops (A 3.2)
Kwartier Koningin Elisabeth
Bldg 1
Eversestraat / Rue d’Evere 1
1140 Brussels
BELGIUM

TEL: +32 (0) 2 701 17 04

FAX: +32 (0) 2 701 72 66

Email: comopsair-a3-air-ctrl-ops@mil.be

Landing of Military Aircraft at EBBR
Conventional and Jet Transport Aircraft

Aircraft of the 15W: No restrictionsLiaison aircraft: must file an IFR FPL and be able to select the appropriate radio frequencies stated in GEN 3.3, § 6.1.

Jet Fighter Aircraft

Jet fighter aircraft will only be allowed to land at EBBR in exceptional circumstances. When a jet fighter� aircraft is authorised to land, the same prescription as in above will apply. The authorisation to land at EBBR must be obtained via COMOPSAIR Airspace Control Ops.

2   IN LUXEMBOURG

See relevant services, GEN 1.1.